Joseph D. McPherson,"Historical Support for Early Methodist Views of Water and Spirit Baptism," The Asbury Journal 68:2 (2003): 28-56.

Dr. Vic Reasoner

THE ARMINIAN MAGAZINE. Issue 1. Spring 2014. Volume 32.
Date Posted May 28, 2014

This paper explores the historical theological positions regarding water and Spirit Baptism in early Methodism and how these views diverged in the American Holiness Movement. Early Methodist teaching was more in line with Church history in associating water baptism with the outpouring of the Holy Spirit. American Holiness teaching reduced the importance of water baptism to a symbolic act of repentance with a later outpouring of the Holy Spirit leading to entire sanctification. Access it at